Tuesday, 30 May 2017

Themis of Rhamnous

There are surprising few images of the Titans and Titanesses in Greek art.

One of the rare exceptions is this statue of #Themis from a temple at Rhamnous in Attica which seems to have one of the few places a Titan was actively worshipped.

The position the missing arm and the surviving hand suggest he may have been holding objects in one or both hands perhaps looted because it was ivory or gold?

It dates to the Classical era.

Saturday, 27 May 2017

The most important word in the Greek new Testament is surely

#agape #font #specialcharacters #greek

The most important word in the #greeknewtestament is surely this one?

ΑΓΑΠΗ αγαπη

αγαπη ΑΓΑΠΗ

ΑΓΑΠΗ αγαπη

and oh its feminine gender so a perfect bump for #idw 2018

Scroll down for a #howto #diy note !

How to generate Greek letters? In this example I was in Open Office and the fonts used to display AGAPE in Greek, are Times New Roman , New Athena Unicode, and Lucida Sans Unicode, and the method is to select and then use the Special Characters dialog box, scrolling down to the Basic Greek subset. Then I copy and paste the text into Google blogger.

Come back next Saturday or Sunday depending on your time zone and join us for Mark's Gospel.

I take or try to a very ecumenical approach in my comments on New Testament Greek.

Mid week I post mainly on Classical Greek art and literature, language and philosophy, and related topics, so do consider following regularly?

Wednesday, 24 May 2017

Heracles versus the birds.

#heracles #hercules battling the rather small  stymphalian cranes

And thats it! I have run out of ideas of bird related Classical Art !

Next sequence will be either Famous Greek or Hellenistic Queens or the Children of Zeus.

I have a birthday coming soon. If you're enjoyed or made use of the images I've found or the ideas I've shared please consider showing some appreciation? 

Saturday, 20 May 2017

Greek Accents - a sampler

#fonts #accents #specialcharacters #greek

Sundays is usually bible study but as I just finished Matthews Gospel back to basics for a few posts!

A Sampler of how Greek Accents look in several fonts.

Remember you will need the insert Special Characters Command to find and add these.


Greek with Accents Times New Roman

α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ ς σ τ υ φ χ ψ ω

ά έ ή ί ϊ ΐ ϋ ό ύ ώ

Greek with Accents Palatino Linotype

α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ ς σ τ υ φ χ ψ ω

ά ἀ ἁ ἂ ἃ ἄ ἅ ἆ ἇ ᾰ ᾱ ᾲ ᾳ ᾴ ᾶ ᾷ

έ ἐ ἑ ἒ ἓ ἔ ἕ

ή ἠ ἡ ἢ ἣ ἤ ἥ ἦ ἧ ᾐ ᾑ ᾒ ᾓ ᾔ ᾕ ᾖ ᾗ

ί ϊ ΐ ῐ ῑ ῒ ΐ ῖ ῗ ἰ ἱ ἲ ἳ ἴ ἵ ἶ ἷ

ό ὀ ὁ ὂ ὃ ὄ ὅ ὸ ό

ϋ ΰ ϋ ύ ὐ ὑ ὒ ὓ ὔ ὕ ὖ ὗ ὺ ύ ῠ ῡ ῢ ΰ

ώ ὠ ὡ ὢ ὣ ὤ ὥ ὦ ὧ ὼ ώ ᾠ ᾡ ᾢ ᾡ ᾢ ᾣ ᾤ ᾥ ᾦ ᾧ ῲ ῳ ῴ ῶ ῷ

ῤ ῥ

Greek with Accents in Lucida sans unicode

α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ ς σ τ υ φ χ ψ ω

ά ἀ ἁ ἂ ἃ ἄ ἅ ἆ ἇ ᾰ ᾱ ᾲ ᾳ ᾴ ᾶ ᾷ

έ ἐ ἑ ἒ ἓ ἔ ἕ

ή ἠ ἡ ἢ ἣ ἤ ἥ ἦ ἧ ᾐ ᾑ ᾒ ᾓ ᾔ ᾕ ᾖ ᾗ

ί ϊ ΐ ῐ ῑ ῒ ΐ ῖ ῗ ἰ ἱ ἲ ἳ ἴ ἵ ἶ ἷ

ό ὀ ὁ ὂ ὃ ὄ ὅ ὸ ό

ϋ ΰ ϋ ύ ὐ ὑ ὒ ὓ ὔ ὕ ὖ ὗ ὺ ύ ῠ ῡ ῢ ΰ

ώ ὠ ὡ ὢ ὣ ὤ ὥ ὦ ὧ ὼ ώ ᾠ ᾡ ᾢ ᾡ ᾢ ᾣ ᾤ ᾥ ᾦ ᾧ ῲ ῳ ῴ ῶ ῷ

ῤ ῥ

Greek with Accents ms reference sans serif

α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ ς σ τ υ φ χ ψ ω

ά ἀ ἁ ἂ ἃ ἄ ἅ ἆ ἇ ᾰ ᾱ ᾲ ᾳ ᾴ ᾶ ᾷ

έ ἐ ἑ ἒ ἓ ἔ ἕ

ή ἠ ἡ ἢ ἣ ἤ ἥ ἦ ἧ ᾐ ᾑ ᾒ ᾓ ᾔ ᾕ ᾖ ᾗ

ί ϊ ΐ ῐ ῑ ῒ ΐ ῖ ῗ ἰ ἱ ἲ ἳ ἴ ἵ ἶ ἷ

ό ὀ ὁ ὂ ὃ ὄ ὅ ὸ ό

ϋ ΰ ϋ ύ ὐ ὑ ὒ ὓ ὔ ὕ ὖ ὗ ὺ ύ ῠ ῡ ῢ ΰ

ώ ὠ ὡ ὢ ὣ ὤ ὥ ὦ ὧ ὼ ώ ᾠ ᾡ ᾢ ᾡ ᾢ ᾣ ᾤ ᾥ ᾦ ᾧ ῲ ῳ ῴ ῶ ῷ

ῤ ῥ


Tuesday, 16 May 2017

EOS and Mnenon

#Eos #Dawngoddess #Mnenon  #atticvasepainting

Iris the Messenger is not the only Winged Goddess in Greek mythology. Her Cousin Eos the Dawn Goddess is often depicted with wings and is shown here holding the body of her mortal son by Tithonus, Mnenon. I wish we had more examples of early Greek Encaustic or Fresco paintings to compare to the colors used on ceramics. Did early paintings also use lines and outlines and dark backgrounds? Or not? The Vase painters had to limit their colors to mineral pigments that would not burn off in the final firing. While yellow and orange were available as ochres they seem to have chosen to focus on a contrast of black to red or a reddish brown. Were there no deposits of white clays in Attica?

Saturday, 13 May 2017

A note on Matheeteusate

#greeknewtestament #biblestudy

Matthew 28:19 states

go forth / travel therefore and then uses an IMPERATIVE form of Matheeteuoo?

Should we translate this as make students or instruct all the nations ?

Lidell and Scott says it can mean either.

I would prefer instruct as the translation myself since verse 20 emphasizes this opening with didaskontes ...teaching them.

Convert by teaching the message but not forcibly ?

Wednesday, 10 May 2017

Archaic Greek Bird decorated Bowl

#archaicgreekceramics #bird #bowl #archaicgreekart

This clay bowl with a pattern of birds has been dated to Boeotia approx. 55O BC

It may not have the naturalism or realism of a Classical or Hellenistic piece but one thing I have noticed about Geometric and Archaic Greek Ceramics is that animals and birds feature far more frequently than in Classical art at least on ceramics. Their plumage becomes a pattern but usually a symmetrical graceful pattern such as this one.

Saturday, 6 May 2017


#greeknewtestament #wordstudy #biblestudy #koinegreek

The last words of Jesus in Matthews Gospel are an exhortation even an order to go and make students of all the nations to baptize them and teach people to keep on doing what Jesus taught.

( I should note there that matheuoo could also be translated as instruct rather than make to learn though it was strengthened by the use of the Imperative)

I'm going to analyze this paragraph in more detail over the next few weekends but first I want you to consider one word:


Verse 18 in the final chapter 

"It has been given to me ..."

Power and Authority over all heaven and earth!

What a startling statement this is when you give it deeper thought.

Many of my readers may be thinking "Yes Jesus is Lord!" but think about how great this power is!

Jesus is saying to his disciples that he has power greater than the Roman emperors and the magistrates and officials who served i,t or the temple theocracy or other powers, human , and more than human! Think how shocking that use of exousia would be to people in the first century who saw Rome dominating the known world.

Does he tell the disciples to worship him or rebuke them for doubting his resurrection?

No he commands them to do what he did, to travel about and teach others, to continue and complete the ongoing mission.

I end by reminding you what Jesus stated to be the two greatest commandments.

Love God and your neighbors with all your heart mind and soul.

Tuesday, 2 May 2017

Iris and Hermes Together

#Iris #Hermes #greekceramics

I was going to blog about Maia but while searching for good illustrations found this on Wikipedia Commons. The photographer didnt mention what museum it came from but it's an interesting image.

This is the only depiction I have seen of Hermes and Iris together.

Iris or Hermes feature in various plays and poetry as messengers of the gods but never together like this. Now I've mentioned before my belief some scenes on ceramics vases depict scenes or performances from plays especially Athenian vases. Did some Athenian dramatist write a play in which Hermes and Iris appear together? A comedy perhaps or a tragedy based on some obscure myth not recorded in other literature? 

Share please if you know where this vase is on display or have more information about it or any other works, ceramics, mosaics, or sculpture, showing Hermes and Iris together.