The Paralympics start soon so a short note and some observations on loan words and compound words using the para prefix in English.
Some well known loans from Greek are parable parabola paradigm paragraph parallel and paralysis.
But English was an odd tendency to combine the para prefix with germanic stems so you get new words like parachute, paratrooper, and paraplanner.
The Oxford defines para as meaning besides beyond wrong irregular or ancillary.
However Liddell and Scott as predominantly meaning BESIDE but also meaning from beside or from alongside of a place or person with genitive but when dative is used meaning by the side of yet with accusative it can be a movement away beyond or even against and towards so the meaning and usage is far wider then it is in English.