Oaths Vows and Promises Matthew 5: 33 – 37
Word for word …
“ Again you have heard that it was said to the ancients
Not you swear falsely / break an oath give back but / rather to the Lord (what you promised) the vows of you ….
(See Lev 19:12 Numbers 30:2 and Deut. 19:21 )
I but say to you (plural) not to swear / vow wholly (translate holoos as at all entirely completely neither (by what is ) in the heaven that the throne is of god nor by the earth that footstool is of the feet his nor (by what is in) Jerusalem that city is of great king nor by your head shall you swear that not being able one hair white or black to make let be but the word of yours Yes Yes (or) No No what but more (than) these things out of evil is.
Note in Greek the Dative Agent and the command not swear vows and sacred oaths by heaven earth the Holy City or your own head or self.
Hoti could and has been translated as because instead of that here is it is being used to link a string of clauses rather than indirect statements
To make an oath is to declare a contract to do something.
Better to simply say you will or will not do something.
Epiorkeeseis to break an oath horkos a masculine noun apodooseis give back pay return
note also two forms of the verb omnuoo promise vow swear aorist infinitive omosai and omoseeis
more here is not mallon but perisson which can have the sense of going OVER a limit.
Excuse me not typing the Greek but this blog is behind schedule due to me breaking my right arm and while I can type with one finger and my left hand I'm still getting some pain from the arm.
See the post before or after this How to support metousia !