Matthew 6: 16 - 18
#Jesus on #Fasting #Biblestudy #greeknewtestament #gospel
Neesteuoo fast or abstain
Judging from the pair of verses here jesus is talking from ritual fasting perhaps for funerals?
Word for word
whenever and you plural are fasting not become like the hypocrites adjective sullen angry sad faces they hide for the faces of them so that they appear / are obviously to humans / people to be fasting.
So do not "make a song and dance" of fasting.
Note the use of ginesthe in Greek this verb ginomai in late greek seems to be used in a way that overlaps or replaces more classical poieoo or prassoo. Its like the English usage of do particularly here.
Do not become / be / act like / behave like ...
Notice how Jesus focuses on actions ? !
skuthroopoi to look sullen angry sad resentful
aphanizoo may refer to covering one's face making it unseen unclear by covering it with ashes or dirt or letting your face hang loose
In verse 17 Jesus asks us to instead when fasting to do it in private
you and when fasting anoint of you the head and the face of you wash ...
if you're doing it for god and not appearances sake then god will see !
notice the emphasis and contrast once again between public and private rituals and behaviour a theme throughout this chapter.
What are modern parallels?
Perhaps the person who insists on telling everyone about their new "healthy" diet or the vegetarian or vegan who thinks dieting makes them spiritually or ethically superior?
You don't fast to be superior or get praised?
Yes you can encourage people to try a limited fast for health reasons but don't make a performance of it!
Finally and off topic don't forget to pray for peace and healing for everyone in gaza israel iraq or syria Christian Muslim Yazidi or Jew !