Some Names for Various Types of Bread
BREAD is Usually Ἄρτος in Classical Greek.
This word refers to loafs of wheat and bread in general if PLURAL.
However Bread was not made of wheat alone.
Bread baked from Barley was called μάζα and also Ἄλφιτον a word also used to refer to groats and porridge made from barley meal.
Unleavened bread was Ἄζυμον the opposite of leavened bread raised by yeast ζυμίτης
χονδρίτης was a kind of very coarse bread probably similar to our “wholegrain” very rough and coarse which the Greeks would have regarded as being low quality.
Hearth or Brasier Bread was something like Turkish gozleme a thick soft pancake cooked on a hot surface.
The Greeks also had a kind of bread baked in an oven or on hot coals in an earthenware covered vessel called κριβανίτης.
Fine white bread rolls were κόλλαβος possibly shaped like “knot” rolls.